The NEOShield-2 project in the EU HORIZON2020 Framework Programme under the lead of Airbus Defence and Space and 10 other consortiuzm partners, including the Germany Aerospace Center and Paris Observatory. The full team list can be found here. The project is divided into 12 work packages (WP):
WP1 Project Coordination/Management
- Task 1.1 Consortium Administrative and Financial Management
Airbus Defence and Space GmbH is responsible for the project management and work progress monitoring. The partner is also reporting to the European Commission and Research Executive Administrative.
- Task 1.2 Scientific work packages supervisory interface
The German Aerospace Center Institute of Planetary Research (DLR) is appointed supervisory interface to monitor the work performed by the scientific partners.
WP2 Dissemination of results / Public outreach
- Task 2.1 Common public relation activities
The German Aerospace Center Institute of Planetary Research (DLR) supervises the publication relations activities of all the partners (ref. Task 2.3 – 2.11).
- Task 2.2 Website, Media & Events
Airbus Defence and Space GmbH leads the provision and maintenance of the NEOShield-2 website, Facebook page and Twitter account. The partners also organizes events, such as the participation to the Asteroid Day event.
- Task 2.3 – 2.11 Participant publication relation activities
Every of the 9 other NEOShield-2 partners maintain their own public relation activities by responding to interview request, poster contribution requests, etc.
WP3 Reference Mission Definition and GNC Technology Validation I/F
- Task 3.1.a Reference mission definition for technology validation: Mitigation Demonstration
Airbus Defence and Space GmbH is responsible for the mission design and definition of the GNC technology (ref. WP4-WP6) and orbit determination requirements (ref. WP8)Task 3.1.b NEOTωIST mini-project: NEOTωIST enabling system technologies consolidation
- Task 3.2 Reference Mission Definition for technology validation: Sample Return
Airbus Defence and Space Ltd. leads the reference mission design and definition of corresponding requirements for technology development concerning sample return missions.
- Task 3.3 GNC Validation I/F
Airbus Defence and Space GmbH is responsible for the definition and performance evaluation interface between GNC algorithms development and validation for common criteria and standards for all missions.
WP4 GNC of Impacting S/C Mission
Airbus Defence and Space SAS leads the development of the GNC algorithms for an impacting S/C mission. The targeted technology readiness level is TRL5/6, with the real time performances of GNC algorithms tested on MIL, PIL and HIL test benches (i.e. with processor and camera in the loop).
WP5 GNC of Reconnaissance S/C Mission
Elecnor Deimos leads the development of the GNC algorithms for an impacting S/C mission. The targeted technology readiness level is TRL5/6, with the real time performances of GNC algorithms tested on MIL, PIL and HIL test benches (i.e. with processor and camera in the loop).
WP6 Sample Return technology development
- Task 6.1 Guidance and monitoring of the sample return technology development
Airbus Defence and Space Ltd. supervises the technology development in WP6.
- Task 6.2 GNC of Sample Return S/C mission
GMV leads the development of the GNC algorithms for an samplingS/C mission. The targeted technology readiness level is TRL5/6, with the real time performances of GNC algorithms tested on MIL, PIL and HIL test benches (i.e. with processor and camera in the loop).
- Task 6.3 Sampling Device Design
The Fraunhofer Ernst Mach Institute is in charge of the development and experimental any of a sampling device. Laboratory test in a representative environment will bring the technology to a level TRL5.
WP7 Setup of Real-time Test Facility & Test Campaigns
GMV is in charge of the representative real-time test bed with a navigation camera to validate the real time performance of the three GNC missions (ref. WP4-WP6). The partner provides an optical laboratory (HIL-OPT) and a robotical laboratory (HIL-ROB).
WP8 Orbit determination and monitoring
Airbus Defence and Space GmbH leads the development of techniques and instruments analysis for NEO heliocentric orbit determination. The algorithm development and functional validation for precise relative and absolute referencing of NEOs before, during and after mitigation attempt will be tested in a realistic mission environment to higher the technology to TRL4/5.
WP9 NEO potential mission targets
- Task 9.1 Creation and maintenance of dynamical web-interface for mission targets
Elecnor Deimos is to design and maintain a web-interface able to compute and visualise example mission scenarios under different assumptions.
- Task 9.2 Compilation & maintenance of NEO potential mission targets
Queen’s University Belfast is responsible to compile and maintain a database of NEOs as possible mission target. The partner will identify suitable targets within the NEO population for mitigation demonstration or sample return missions based on priority criteria, taking account of all relevant parameters.
Please also see our NEO Properties Portal.
WP10 NEO observations and data reduction/analysis
- Task 10.1 NEO observation organisation
The Observatoire de Paris will organise the observational campaigns and type of the required observations. In this role, it will interface with all the WP10 Tasks specified in the following (ref. Task 10.2 – 10.5).
- Task 10.2 Photometric observations
In collaboration with the Queen’s University Belfast, the Observatoire de Paris will perform photometric observations, light curve measurements, rotational property analysis and perform precovery searches for high-priority NEOs.
- Task 10.3 Spectroscopic observations
The Observatoire de Paris will perform spectroscopic observations and compare the results with meteoritic databases to improve composition analysis and investigate surface alteration effects.
- Task 10.4 Thermal IR observations
The Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique will lead the thermal infrared observations and interface with Task 10.2 to combine the results with the light curves measurements to derive thermal inertia of NEOs.
- Task 10.5 Observational tool support and prioritisation of observational targets
Elecnor Deimos will develop, update and maintain a tool needed to support and coordinate observation campaigns through prioritization algorithms. In it objects are ranked in terms of e.g. scientific interest, accessibility, completeness and quality of the available data, observing timeliness. The partner will coordinate with the ESA NEOCC for continuous monitoring and accessibility determination of newly discovered objects in order to identify opportunities needing rapid response actions.
Please also see our NEO Properties Portal.
WP11 NEO Physical Properties: Data analysis and modelling
- Task 11.1 Derive physical properties relevant to mitigation and exploration
The German Aerospace Center Institute of Planetary Research (DLR) leads the analysis of available observational data, from this project, and available complementary data from others (e.g. NEOWISE, ExploreNEOs, Gaia), using models and techniques appropriate for small NEOs, to provide mitigation-relevant statistical information on the population of small NEOs as a whole, and therefore the impact hazard. The partner will investigate correlations between diverse observed asteroid parameters to provide further insight into relationships between thermal properties, mineralogy, albedo, surface characteristics, spin rate, etc.
- Task 11.2 Structural modelling and numerical simulations
The Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique will investigate the NEO’s response to hyper-velocity impacts by performing simulations using an impact code including various fragmentation models, estimate the effects of various possible internal structures (shattered, rubble pile) and surface characteristics (such as the presence of regolith, large boulders, craters, different mineralogies,…).
- Task 11.3 NEO physical properties database
Elecnor Deimos will establish a NEO physical properties database as an open data repository for NEOShield-2 and for the public with data retrieval and smart access functions. The database will contain all NEO scientific analysis results obtained in the course of this project.
Please also see our NEO Properties Portal.
WP12 Requirements for Future Research and International Actions
- Task 12.1 Effectiveness of impact disaster planning at the national level
The Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique will analyse the effectiveness of impact disaster planning at the national level and the ability of individual nations to cope with a NEO impact. The partner will define the necessary research strategies to update the impact disaster planning and support impact disaster planning activity by analysing the lesson learned from space missions related to impacts on small bodies.
- Task 12.2 Future research and endeavours
The German Aerospace Center Institute of Planetary Research (DLR) will monitor the activities of other organisations (e.g. ESA, NASA, UN) and groups working in the impact hazard and mitigation field and identify areas requiring emphasis in future work, and endeavours (e.g. space missions, observational projects, modelling) appropriate for collaboration with European partners.
- Task 12.3 Future technical developments & activities
Airbus Defence and Space GmbH will lead the monitoring, analysis and support of all related technical aspects concerning post-2017 technical developments and activities for mitigation missions. The partner will assess possible mission profiles and required technologies to implement such a mitigation mission, either a mitigation demonstration or a real NEO deflection mission.