Funding by the European Commission

The work leading to the production and management of this website has received funding from the European Community’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement No 282703 until May 2015 and is now financed by the Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (H2020/2014-2020) under grant agreement No 640351.

The content of the website reflects only the author’s views and the NEOShield and NEOShield-2 Consortia as a whole or European Community is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.


The NEOShield-2 Consortium

The NEOShield-2 Consortium Coordinator is Albert Falke from Airbus Defence and Space in Friedrichshafen, Germany.

The NEOShield-2 Consortium is made up of the following partners:

  • Airbus Defence and Space
    • Airbus Defence and Space GmbH, Germany (ADS-DE)
    • Airbus Defence and Space SAS, France (ADS-FR)
    • Airbus Defence and Space LTD, United Kingdom (ADS-UK)
  • Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. (DLR), Institute of Planetary Research
  • Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)
  • DEIMOS Space Sociedad Limitada Unipersonal (DMS)
  • Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der angewandten Forschung e.V.; Institute for High-Speed Dynamics, Ernst-Mach-Institut (EMI)
  • GMV Aerospace and Defence SA Unipersonal (GMV)
  • Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF)
  • Observatoire de Paris (OBSPM)
  • The Queen’s University Belfast (QUB)

The NEOShield Consortium

The NEOShield Consortium Coordinator was Alan Harris from DLR’s Institute of Planetary Research in Berlin.

The NEOShield Consortium was made up of the following partners:

  • DLR Institute of Planetary Research
  • Observatoire de Paris
    • LESIA: Laboratory of Space Studies and Instrumentation in Astrophysics
    • IMCCE: Institut de Mécanique Céleste et de Calcul des Éphémérides
  • Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (National Centre for Scientific Research), CNRS
  • The Open University
  • Fraunhofer-Institut für Kurzzeitdynamik, Ernst-Mach-Institut (Fraunhofer Institute for High-Speed Dynamics, Ernst-Mach-Institut), EMI
  • The Queen’s University of Belfast
  • Airbus Defence and Space
    • Airbus Defence and Space GmbH, Friedrichshafen & Bremen
    • Airbus Defence and Space Ltd, Stevenage
    • Airbus Defence and Space SAS, Toulouse & Les Mureaux
  • Deimos Space
  • SETI Institute Corporation, Carl Sagan Center
  • Federalnoe Gosudarstvennoe Unitarnopredpriyatie, Tsentralny Nauchnoissledovatelsky Institut Machinostroeniya (TsNIIMash)
  • University of Surrey, Surrey Space Centre
  • University of Bern


The NEOShield-2 Website is published by:

Airbus Defence and Space GmbH
Claude Dornier Strasse
88090 Immenstaad

Mailing address:
Airbus Defence and Space GmbH
88039 Friedrichshafen

Phone: +49 (0) 7545 8 09
Fax: +49 (0) 7545 8 4411
Registered in the Commercial Registry (Handelsregister) Munich: HRB 107648
Chairman of Supervisory Board (Vorsitzender des Aufsichtsrats): Dr. Thomas Enders
Managing Directors (Geschäftsführung): Dirk Hoke (Chairman), Dr. Lars Immisch

Background Image Credit

The Earth in the background image of this website is based on an image taken by ESA Astronaut Paolo Nespoli from the Soyuz TMA-20 as it left the space station.
The asteroid on the home page is the asteroid Ida. This mosaic image was captured by the Galileo spacecraft. Image credit: NASA/JPL.


Terms of Use

The present document describes the terms of use for the site. Please read with attention the terms of use contained herein.

By accessing the page you declare that you are authorised and that you accept the totality of the terms of use. This site is offered on condition of your accepting unconditionally the terms, conditions and warnings hereafter:

Limitation of Responsibilities

Limitation of liability for internal content

The content of our website has been compiled with meticulous care and to the best of our knowledge. However, we cannot assume any liability for the up-to-dateness, completeness or accuracy of any of the pages.

Nonetheless, the accuracy or correctness of the information contained cannot be guaranteed. Any liability for damage resulting directly or indirectly from use of this website is precluded, unless caused intentionally or in gross negligence by Airbus Defence and Space GmbH.

Pursuant to section 7, para. 1 of the TMG (Telemediengesetz – Tele Media Act by German law), we as service providers are liable for our own content on these pages in accordance with general laws. However, pursuant to sections 8 to 10 of the TMG, we as service providers are not under obligation to monitor external information provided or stored on our website. Once we have become aware of a specific infringement of the law, we will immediately remove the content in question. Any liability concerning this matter can only be assumed from the point in time at which the infringement becomes known to us.

Limitation of liability for external links

Our website contains links to the websites of third parties (“external links”). As the content of these websites is not under our control, we cannot assume any liability for such external content. In all cases, the provider of information of the linked websites is liable for the content and accuracy of the information provided. At the point in time when the links were placed, no infringements of the law were recognisable to us. As soon as an infringement of the law becomes known to us, we will immediately remove the link in question.


Neither Airbus nor the NEOShield or NEOShield-2 Consortia will be held liable for any damages resulting from the use of the site.

Some elements of information and services offered or available through the site may be technically inexact or contain typing errors.

Airbus, the NEOShield and NEOShield-2 Consortia do not declare nor guarantee that the site will operate without interruption nor is free of errors, that possible errors will be corrected or that the site or the server that allows access to it will be exempt from viruses or other damaging elements.

Airbus, the NEOShield and NEOShield-2 Consortia do not declare nor guarantee that the use or result of the use of the site or elements available through the intermediary of the services are correct, exact, timely or reliable.

Authors’ Rights – Copyright

© Copyright

All rights reserved. Text, images, graphics, sound, animations and videos as well as the arrangement of the same on this website are protected by copyright law and other commercial protective rights.

Any duplication, processing, distribution or any form of utilisation beyond the scope of copyright law shall require the prior written consent of the author or authors in question.

The content of these websites may not be copied, disseminated, altered or made accessible to third parties for commercial purposes. In addition, some NEOShield-2 websites contain images that are subject to third-party copyrights.

All rights to reproduction are reserved, including those for the documents available for download and the iconographical and photographic representations (all rights not expressly conceded are reserved).

The reproduction of texts from this site onto a paper or electronic medium is authorised, particularly regarding educational purposes, provided that the three following conditions are respected:

Freedom of Disclosure

  • Respect for the integrity of the documents reproduced: no modifications nor alterations of any kind.
  • Clear and readable quotations of the source in the following form: “This document is taken from the NEOShield-2 website (”. If a specific author of an article or page is identified, they must also be credited.
  • The rights for reproduction are reserved and strictly limited.

For other uses please contact the webmaster (
The trademarks quoted on this site are registered by the companies that own them.

Data protection

A visit to our website can result in the storage on our server of information about the access (date, time, page accessed). This does not represent any analysis of personal data (e.g., name, address or e-mail address). If personal data are collected, this only occurs – to the extent possible – with the prior consent of the user of the website. Any forwarding of the data to third parties without the express consent of the user shall not take place.

We would like to expressly point out that the transmission of data via the Internet (e.g., by e-mail) can offer security vulnerabilities. It is therefore impossible to safeguard the data completely against access by third parties. We cannot assume any liability for damages arising as a result of such security vulnerabilities.

The use by third parties of all published contact details for the purpose of advertising is expressly excluded. We reserve the right to take legal steps in the case of the unsolicited sending of advertising information; e.g., by means of spam mail.

Alterations to the Terms of Use

Users are informed that the service is provided free of charge. Consequently Airbus, the NEOShield and NEOShield-2 Consortia reserves the right to modify, interrupt, or suspend its services, either temporarily or permanently.

The user accepts not to hold Airbus or any member of the NEOShield or NEOShield-2 Consortia responsible regarding itself or a third party for any alteration, interruption or suspension of services.

Links to Third-Party Sites

This site may contain links to other web sites (third-party web sites).

Neither Airbus nor the NEOShield or NEOShield-2 Consortia has any control over these sites and does not assume any responsibility for their content or the content of a link from a third-party link. Moreover, neither Airbus nor the NEOShield or NEOShield-2 Consortia is responsible for any alteration or update concerning these sites.

Neither Airbus nor the NEOShield or NEOShield-2 Consortia is responsible for the transformation of information sent to internet users from these sites.

These links to third party sites are offered for your commodity. The insertion of links to these sites does not mean that Airbus or the NEOShield or NEOShield-2 Consortia approves of the content of these sites and does not imply any association between Airbus or the NEOShield or NEOShield-2 Consortia and the managers of third party sites.

Use of cookies

1) NEOShield-2 cookies

The NEOShield-2 website uses cookies and active components (e.g. JavaScript) to track visitors‘ preferences and customise the design of the websites. Cookies are small text files stored on your computer when you visit our website. If you like, you can delete the cookies at any time. However, this can result in some functions no longer being available. For information on deleting the cookies, please consult your browser‘s help function.

2) Third-party cookies

Some NEOShield-2 website pages incorporate content and services from other providers (e.g. YouTube, Facebook, Google, Twitter) who, in turn, may use cookies and active components. Neither Airbus nor NEOShield nor NEOShield-2 have influence on the processing of personal data by these providers. Please refer to the respective provider‘s websites for information about how your data is handled.

Measuring website usage (Google Analytics)

We use Google Analytics to collect information about how people use this site.
(Please refer to “How Google uses data when you use our partners’ sites or apps”, located at, or any other URL Google may provide from time to time).

We do this to make sure it’s meeting its users’ needs and to understand how we could do it better. Google Analytics stores information such as what pages you visit, how long you are on the site, how you got here, what you click on, and information about your web browser. IP addresses are masked (only a portion is stored) and personal information is only reported in aggregate. We do not allow Google to use or share our analytics data for any purpose besides providing us with analytics information, and we recommend that any user of Google Analytics does the same.

If you’re unhappy with data about your visit to be used in this way, you can install theofficial browser plugin for blocking Google Analytics

The cookies set by Google Analytics are as follows:
Name, Typical Content, Expires
__utma, Unique anonymous visitor ID, 2 years
__utmb, Unique anonymous session ID, 30 minutes
__utmz, Information on how the site was reached (e.g. direct or via a link/search/advertisement), 6 months
__utmx, Which variation of a page you are seeing if we are testing different versions to see which is best, 2 years